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What is the difference between horizontal machining center and vertical machining center?
Mar 06, 2017

A "horizontal machining center" has a horizontal spindle. With a horizontal spindle, tools stick out the side of the tool holder and cut across the side of a part (workpiece). Horizontal machining centers are far more expensive than equivalent capacity vertical machines, but have several advantages. Usually the tool holder of a horizontal machine is more ridgid. Also,when machining the side of a part, metal chips fall out of the area being cut, leaving an uncluttered cutting area.
A "vertical machining center" has a vertical spindle. With a vertical spindle, tools stick straight down from the tool holder, and often cut across the top of a part. One disadvantage of vertical machining is that when tools cut across the top of a part, the metal shavings, called "chips," often pile up around the tool and interfere with the cutting action. However, vertical machining centers are more common, primarily because they are less expensive than equivalent capacity horizontal machines.